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Pak J Med Sci retains the highest IF
among Pakistani Medical Journals

KARACHI: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences successfully retains the highest Impact Factor among the Pakistani medical journals for the last five consecutive years. According to the Journal Citation Report (JCR) issued by Clarivate Analytics USA for the Year 2020 last month, our current Impact Factor is 0.754 which has slightly decreased as compared to the last year when it was 0.834.

The other two medical journals from Pakistan which enjoy Impact Factor are Journal of Pakistan Medical Association (JPMA) with current Impact Factor of 0.573 and Journal of College of Physicians & Surgeons Pakistan CIF of 0.426. A few other Pakistani medical journals which includes Annals of King Edward Medical University Lahore and Journal of Khyber Medical University Peshawar have also been accepted for coverage in JCR but have not yet earned an IF as it takes over three years to complete the whole process.

Impact Factor, it may be mentioned here is not the only one but one of the criteria to judge the quality and standard of a journal. Hence Editors anxiously await the release of JCR by Clarivate Analytics every year during the month of June. Editors also try their best to further improve the Impact Factor of their respective journals. For Impact Factor details see Page-3.

Dr. Unaiza Niaz
publishes her Autobiography
“I Lived Life”

KARACHI: Dr. Unaiza Niaz an eminent psychiatrist of the country who has contributed a great deal to the Women Mental Health at national and international level has recently published her Autobiography which is unique in many ways. This autobiography named “I Lived Life” was to be formally launched at a meeting which had to be postponed due to the COVID19 Pandemic. A detailed review on the autobiography with comments from various reviewers will be published in Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences in the forthcoming issue.

Prof. Unaiza Niaz

The autobiography gives details of her family life, her professional training at centers of excellence overseas, her interest in Aviation Psychiatry, Psychotrauma, and Women Mental Health. It highlights the problems which women professionals face in Pakistan. The book is published on textured ground on a silky paper. It also contains numerous photographs with world leaders in the field of psychiatry and she has extensively used the poetic couplets. It is a success story of someone who has struggled throughout her professional life and eventually achieved recognition at home and abroad. She is a known prolific writer and has authored a few books and numerous scientific papers in peer reviewed journals. She has been promoting the cause of ethical medical practice in Pakistan since many years.

Osteoporosis treatment may 
also protect against Pneumonia

A recent study found that nitrogen-containing bisphosphonates (N-BPs) such as alendronate, which are widely used to treat postmenopausal osteoporosis, are linked with lower risks of pneumonia and of dying from pneumonia. The results are published in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research.

The study included 4,041 patients with hip fractures who received N-BPs and 11,802 who did not. Over a median follow-up time of 2.7 years, N-BPs were associated with a 24% lower risk of pneumonia compared with no treatment (69 versus 90 cases per 1,000 people per year).A similar association was observed with pneumonia mortality, with a 35% lower risk associated with N-BPs (23 versus 35 per 1,000 patients per year for the N-BP and non-N-BP groups, respectively).

Results from previous animal studies indicate that N-BP treatment leads to a high concentration of N-BPs in the respiratory tract. Together with its anti-inflammatory and immune-modulatory properties, this may explain why N-BPs were associated with reduced risk of pneumonia, as revealed in our study, said senior author Ching-Lung Cheung, PhD, of The University of Hong Kong. He added that studying the potential of N-BPs for treating symptoms of COVID-19 may be warranted.

Nigar Johar takes over as
First women Surgeon 
General of Pak. Army

RAWALPINDI: Lt Gen. Nigar Johar HI (M) becomes the first women Surgeon General of Pakistan Army whose appointment to this coveted post was announced in the last week of June 2020. She assumed her new responsibilities last month. Before being appointed to this post, she was Commandant of Military Hospital Rawalpindi.

Lt. Gen. Nigar Johar HI (M)

She is a graduate of Army Medical College who later did MCPS in Family Medicine and then earned MSc in advance medical administration. She has also served as the National Instructor of Hospital Preparedness in Emergency. She was the Commandant of Combined Military Hospital Jhelum as a Brigadier. For some time she also served as the Vice Principal of Army Medical College.

It may be mentioned here that for a long time women were not promoted beyond the rank of Brigadier in Army Medical Corps. However, a few years ago the policy was changed and women in AMC were also promoted to the rank of Major General but this is for the first time that a women has been promoted to the rank of Lt. General and appointed as Surgeon General of Pakistan Army.

Gen. Saleem appointed 
Pro VC at NUMS

RAWALPINDI: Major Gen. Saleem who retired as Principal of Army Medical College about two months ago has been appointed as Pro Vice Chancellor of National University of Medical Sciences, the post which has fallen vacant after the retirement of Maj. Gen. Mohammad Aslam.

Transcranial direct current
stimulation is a safe treatment

Trans cranial direct current stimulation, tDCS, is a promising treatment for conditions such as depression and addictive disorders. New evidence on the safety of trans cranial direct current stimulation was recently offered by a new study showing that tDCS does not affect metabolism. Trans cranial direct current stimulation is a non-invasive method for modulating neuronal activity by introducing a small electric current into the brain via electrodes placed on the scalp.

In earlier studies, trans cranial direct current stimulation has been found to alter glucose metabolism and stress hormone levels, among other things. However, our study looked at more than 100 molecules and we did not observe an effect on any of them, PhD student Aaron Kortteenniemi, the lead author of the study, from the University of Eastern Finland notes.

The study, conducted in collaboration between the University of Eastern Finland and the University of Helsinki, analyzed 79 healthy, adult men. Half of them were given trans cranial direct current stimulation, while the other half received placebo stimulation. Each study participant was given stimulation on five consecutive days, and their blood samples were taken for analysis three times over the course of the study.

This was a surprising discovery, since earlier studies have shown that trans cranial direct current stimulation affects glucose metabolism in such a way that researchers have even considered its potential in the treatment of diabetes, Kortteenniemi explains.

Yet, our findings show that there are no clinically significant changes in the measured metabolite levels. This supports our current understanding of trans cranial direct current stimulation as a safe treatment also when taking metabolism into consideration.

Trans cranial direct current stimulation has also attracted interest in the treatment of conditions such as depression and addictive disorders. These diseases are significant both for individuals quality of life and for national economies. In the future, trans cranial direct current stimulation could open up new opportunities for treatment in situations where other forms of treatment are infeasible.

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