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Prof. Jahan Ara Pal
passes away

KARACHI: Prof. Jahan Ara Ara Pal an eminent obstetrician & gynecologist who retired as Prof. of Obs and Gynae from Army Medical College many years ago passed away at Karachi on July 27th 2021. May God Almighty rest the departed soul in Jannah? Ameen.


A distinguished academician in her own right, Prof. Jahan Ara Pal was the wife of late Maj. Gen. Mohsin Pal former Director General of Health who also served as DMS Navy and Commanding Officer of PNS Shifa. She is the mother of Dr. Inam Pal Surgeon at Aga Khan University Hospital Karachi. Detailed obituary note to follow. Chief Editor


How experiencing diverse
emotions impacts students

Experiencing a variety of positive emotions—or emodiversity may benefit high school students, according to a study published in the British Journal of Educational Psychology.Positive emodiversity was associated with greater engagement (which has cognitive, behavioral, and emotional components) and academic achievement.

The diversity of negative emotions, such as experiencing anxiety and frustration, did not seem to provide any motivational benefits. Students with greater positive emodiversity have a more diverse emotional life, which perhaps helps them respond and adapt specifically to various school situations, said corresponding author Cherry Eron Frondozo, of The Education University of Hong Kong.

Ref: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/bjep.12436


Do heart medications
affect COVID-19 outcomes?

Cardiovascular drugs do not affect COVID-19 outcomes—such as dissease severity, hospitalizations, or deaths—according to an analysiss of all relevant studies published as of November 2020. The findings are published in the British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology.

Investigators included 429 studies in a qualitative analysis and 390 in a quantitative analysis.The results indicate that patients at risk of or with confirmed COVID-19 should continue taking cardiovascular drugs as prescribed. This is the most comprehensive analysis of the extensive amount of data published in this area, said senior author Munir Pirmohamed, MBChB, PhD, of the University of Liverpool, in the UK. Given that we are still in the midst of a pandemic, the evidence base will continue to build, and we will therefore update our analysis.
Study URL: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/bcp.14927


Heart-related test results may indicate
risk of death in patients with COVID-19

New research published in the European Journal of Clinical Investigation identifies cardiovascular test results that might help to identify patients hospitalized with COVID-19 who face an especially high risk of dying.

Out of 1,401 patients with a confirmed diagnosis of COVID-19 admitted to seven Italian centers, 226 (16.1%) underwent transthoracic echocardiography within 48 hours of admission. In-hospital death occurred in 68 patients (30.1%). Low left ventricular ejection fraction, low tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion, and acute respiratory distress syndrome were independently associated with in-hospital mortality.

Clinical and echocardiographic parameters of disease severity might help to determine which patients with COVID-19 are at higher risk for in-hospital mortality, said lead author Angelo Silverio, MD, of the University of Salerno, in Italy.
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/eci.13638