Short News


short news

PAME Honours Senior
Medical Editors

PESHAWAR: Pakistan Association of Medical Editors honoured three senior medical editors in recognition of their contribution to promote the discipline of medical journalism in Pakistan. Those who were selected for this honour included Dr. Fatema Jawad Chief Editor, Journal of Pakistan Medical Association, Maj. Gen. Muhammad Aslam Pro Vice Chancellor of National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) and Mr. Shaukat Ali Jawaid Chief Editor Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences who is also Secretary General of Eastern Mediterranean Association of Medical Editors (EMAME). Citations read on this occasion gave details of their contributions and accomplishments in his field over the years.

New Executive of PAME

Dr. Jamshed Akhtar,
Journal of College of Physicians &
Surgeons Pakistan & Journal of
Surgery Pakistan, Karachi.

Immediate Past President:
Prof. Nasir Khokhar,
Rawal Medical Journal,
(2016 - 2018)

Dr. Muhammad Irfan,
Journal of Postgraduate Medical
Institute, Peshawar.

General Secretary:
Prof. Sina Aziz,
Associate Editor,
Journal of Pakistan Medical
Association, Karachi.

Joint Secretary/Treasurer:
Prof. Nazeer Khan,
Annals of Jinnah Sindh Medical
University, Karachi.

Executive Committee:

Prof. Saira Afzal from Punjab
Dr. Masood Jawaid from Sindh
Dr. Zohaib Khan from KPK
Prof. Muhammad Ayub from
Azad Jammu Kashmir
Prof. Muhammad Alamgir from
Khan Federal Capital Area
Gilgit Baltistan: No nomination
Baluchistan: No nomination.

Time between pregnancies
may affect Autism Risk

Investigators have found a link between the amount of time between pregnancies and Autism Spectrum Disorder in children. The findings are published in Autism Research.

Autism Spectrum Disorder was increased in second and later-born children who were conceived less than 18 months or 60 or more months after the mother’s previous birth. Other developmental disabilities were not associated with birth spacing.

These findings support existing guidelines on pregnancy spacing and further highlight the association between autism and pregnancy health, said lead author Dr. Laura Schieve, of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Couples thinking about getting pregnant should discuss pregnancy planning with a trusted doctor or healthcare provider.

Pressure to be perfect may increase
risk in some individuals

A recent analysis of published studies suggests that self-generated and socially based pressures to be perfect may contribute to suicidal thoughts and attempts in individuals. The Journal of Personality analysis included 45 studies with 11,747 participants, composed of undergraduates, medical students, community adults, and psychiatric patients. Thirteen of 15 perfectionism dimensions had positive relationships with suicidal thoughts, with the most perniciousness form of perfectionism involving perceived external pressure to be perfect. Perfectionism can be deadly, said Dr. Martin Smith, lead author of the analysis.

Does alcohol affect the risk of developing
abdominal aortic aneurysm?

In an analysis of published studies, lower levels of alcohol consumption were associated with a lower risk of abdominal aortic aneurysm until approximately 15 to 20 g/day, with an increasing risk thereafter. In the British Journal of Surgery analysis, the increase in risk beyond 2 units/day was stronger in men than in women.

An abdominal aortic aneurysm occurs when an area of the aorta—the main blood vessel that supplies blood to the abdomen, pelvis, and legs—becomes very large or balloons out. There are well established risk factors for the development of abdominal aortic aneurysm—such as increasing age, male sex, and smoking—but ut the role of alcohol remains uncertain. The analysis combined results from 11 large prospective cohort studies, including more than 3500 cases identified from nearly 500,000 participants, followed-up for between 5 and 34 years. The association is fairly weak and the evidence is not strong for alcohol either decreasing or increasing the risk of abdominal aortic aneurysm by very much,” said Dr. Darren Greenwood, senior author of the study. “If people want to stay healthy and active for longer, the biggest improvement they can make is to quit smoking.”

Lifestyle factors may affect how long
individuals live free of disability

New research published in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society indicates that a healthy lifestyle may help reduce the duration of an individual’s disabled period near the end of life. In the community-based study of 5248 older adults recruited at an average age of 73 and followed for 25 years, the average number of disabled years was approximately 2.9 for men and 4.5 for women. Multiple lifestyle factors were significantly associated with years of life and years of able life. Greater distances walked and better-quality diet were associated with a relative compression of the disabled period. Obesity was associated with a relative expansion of the disabled period. Smoking was associated with a shorter life and fewer years of able life.

We discovered that by improving lifestyle, we can postpone death, but even more so, we can postpone disability ”in fact, it turns out that we are compressing that disabled end-of-life period to a shorter timeframe, said Dr. Anne Newman, senior author of the study. This clearly demonstrates the value of investing in a healthy lifestyle.