Honesty & Integrity is required throughout research - Prof. Khalid Saeed Khan


 Ensuring integrity in conduct and reporting of research
Honesty & Integrity is required throughout
research - Prof. Khalid Saeed Khan
Research Ethics is based on principles of
Respect for Persons, Beneficence and Justice

LAHORE: Dr. Khalid Saeed Khan Professor of Preventive Medicine and Public Health at University of Granada Spain was the invited guest speaker at the First contact session of CME Batch-3 during the Course in Certificate in Medical Editing at University of Health Sciences on Friday June 25th 2021. The topic of his presentation was “Integrity in conduct and reporting of Research”. During his presentation he discussed in detail orientation about the facts, importance of science for society, planning research and getting its ethical approval, conducting research, taking informed consent, proper monitoring of the data and reporting research findings following publication ethics.

Mr.Shaukat Ali Jawaid Chief Editor Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences presented his
latest two books “Scientific Writing- A guide to the art of medical writing and scientific
publishing” and “Medical History- Written in Haste to Prof.Khalid Saeed Khan Prof. of
Preventive Medicine and Public Health at Granada University, Spain  at UHS on June 24th
2021. Picture taken on the occasion shows from (L to R) Dr.Shehnoor Azhar, Asstt. Prof.
Public Health at UHS Mr.Shaukat Ali Jawaid and Prof.Khalid Saeed Khan.

He pointed out that so far over one hundred papers concerning COVID19 have been retracted by many well reputed journals. He was of the view that beliefs without a correct knowledge basis are very dangerous. Discussing about the historical facts he said it was Galileo who talked about Centre of the Universe in 1609 but it was only after three hundred fifty years that Vatican said he was right. Again it was Semmelweis who talked about the unwashed hands in 1847 but it was in 2014 that National Institute of Health and Care Excellence (NICE) reported that hand washing can help prevent the spread of infections. It was further suggested that doctors and nurses should do more to stop hospital patients developing infections. NICE Guidelines also highlighted how basic hygiene protocols like hand washing may be overlooked by some healthcare professionals and it could lead to threatened patient safety.

Speaking about indications for responsible research practices, Prof. Khalid Saeed Khan mentioned forming the study, designing it, which is followed by study conduction, its analysis and then reporting its results for publication. A good study and high quality of research always has some impact, he remarked. For evidence based medicine, clinicians want a combination of art and science. Explaining it further, he stated that Art consists of clinical experience, their belief, and judgment, proficiency derived from practice, patient’s beliefs and their needs, knowledge of local contact, culture and resources. On the other hand Science which should be patient centred consists of knowledge and logic derived from best clinically relevant research evidence. Health care professionals are supposed to work with their colleagues and patients’ to maintain, improve quality of their work thus promoting patient safety. They are supposed to help resolve uncertainties about the effects of treatment. Knowledge creation process, he opined, should have integrity so that it can be embedded within healthcare. Public is interested in research because they wish to ensure ethics regulation, consent, respect for persons and beneficence and justice ensuring equitable selection of subjects and distribution of benefits.

For conducting research, it is essential that the topic selected is important, there is no existing papers on systematic search, why the study is will be valid while other issues which needs to be kept in mind include patient priority, prevalence, quality of life and the economic cost. Informed Consent is an important issue in research and it must be free of coercion with no intentional threat of harm to obtain compliance, free from undue influence. He also referred to the important elements of informed consent briefly.

Prof. Khalid Saeed Khan Prof. of Preventive Medicine and Public Health at Granada
University, Spain was one of the invited speakers at the CME 
Batch-3 on Friday June 25th
during the first contact session. The group photograph taken soon after the session shows
him with participants 
of the CME Batch-3 and Mr.Shaukat Ali Jawaid CME Course

Other topics which he referred to during his short presentation included post publication review, allegations of data fabrication. He concluded his presentation by stating that honesty and integrity is required throughout research. Research based practice is the most ethical way to provide care. Research should generate the highest level of evidence which must minimize bias. Informed consent must respect individuals approached to participate and the whole publication process needs to be transparent.

Prof. Khalid Saeed Khan, it may be mentioned here is a graduate of Aga Khan Medical College Karachi. He had his postgraduate education and training in United Kingdom. He has authored numerous scientific papers and last year he was declared as an Award winning author of a book. At National Health Service in UK he was affiliated with Birmingham Women’s Healthcare Trust and has also served as Editor of British Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology. At present he is involved in training some PhD students in Public Health from University of Health Sciences Lahore.

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