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Seminar on “Allergies: Issues & Solutions

Immunology specialists have a vital
role in transplantation-Dr. Adib Rizvi

KARACHI: Pakistan Society for Immunology (PSI) organized a seminar and workshop on “Allergies: Issues & Solutions” in collaboration with Sindh Institute of Urology and Transplantation (SIUT) recently. Seminar was aimed to create awareness about diagnosis management, of patients suffering from allergies in Pakistan. Experts shared their successful management strategies, and research in a pragmatic manner, to enable successful change in the management of these illnesses in Pakistan.

Dr. Adib Rizvi Director SIUT applauded the endeavors of PSI and said that the immunology specialists have a vital role in transplantation because of increase in number of transplant activity. He said that allergy is the biggest problem in Pakistan affecting major section of population. Allergic diseases affect about 20%-40% of children and around 18% of adult population.

Dr. Osman Yusuf gave an overview of the basic management strategies for allergic diseases. He said that in our country 20% of the population is affected by allergic diseases and there will be significant increases if preventive measures are not put in place. He said education and awareness is the key to success.

Dr. Tahir Aziz President PSI discussed in-vitro testing for allergy diagnosis and highlighted the importance of tests used in diagnosis of allergy. He stressed on correct diagnosis of the disease. He specially thanked Dr. Rizvi whose assistance made this event a success. He said that unfortunately treatment for allergy is only available to small segment of population because of lack of expertise in this field. Dr. Sohail Akhtar gave details about the allergens that trigger Allergy and Asthma. Allergic Asthma is one of the most frustrating illnesses in our population he added.

Dr Naseer Mahmood gave an update on allergies in children and Dr Mosavir Ansarie talked about hypersensitivity Pneumonitis, a complication of allergy involving lungs and how it can be prevented. A hands-on workshop was held in the afternoon session on allergy testing. The event was attended by immunology specialists from all around the country. (PR)


Parkinson’s disease
week at OMI

KARACHI: Parkinson’s Disease week was celebrated at OMI recently. Speaking at the occasion, Professor Arif Herekar, Chairman Faculty of Neurology, Baqai Medical University spoke of the prevalence of Parkinsons disease worldwide and gave details of various manifestations encountered during the period of disease by the afflicted individuals. According to him, not only is there a high prevalence of this disorder around the globe but due to better medical facilities and increasing longevity the prevalence is expected to go much higher by 2050.

It is a disabling disorder which actually manifests nearly only after forty percent of the afflicted neurone are damaged. Since it is a neurodegenerative disease expect for the replenishment of the lost dopamine which is the neurotransmitter in the disorder, nothing else tends to help. The treatment is mostly symptomatic Physiotherapy and rehabilitation play a very substantial role in supporting the physical motor disability which is the sine quo non of the disease. Prof. Arif discussed various treatment options, some of them like dopaminiergic compounds and of course levodopa which have a time tested significance. Newer drugs have come in to the market, such as COMT-ihibitors such as apomorphine, but these will take time to establish themselves over larger studies. He also reffered to the importance of doing a local study in Pakistan to assess the prevalence of the disorder. As far as dementia is concerned, it does tend to be a part of Parkinson’s disease very late into the disorder where the grey matter becomes more extensively involved in the neurodegenerative process. He also discussed the neuropathology of the disorder. Dr. Arif was of the view that since our rural population is larger than our urban population, public awareness programs for doctors and general public are of great importance so that this debilitating disease is picked up by peripheral doctors at an early stage.(PR)

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