World Diabetes Day
meeting by DAP

KARACHI: Diabetic Association of Pakistan and WHO Collaborating Centre Karachi observed World Diabetes Day on November 12, 2017 at local hotel. Speaking at the occasion Dr. A. Samad Shera SG of DAP said that diabetes is a chronic, debilitating and costly disease. World Diabetes Day provides the opportunity to improve care for the many millions living with diabetes and to encourage governments to do more to prevent diabetes in the many more at risk. Type-1 diabetes cannot be prevented, a Healthy Lifestyle is an important part of effective management of the disease.

Prof. Zaman Shaikh, speaking on “Life Style Management and Diabetes” said that childhood obesity should never be taken lightly as it may be a predisposing factor for many diseases in future. Talking on the significance of lifestyle changes, he emphasized the need of performing daily physical exercise in the form of daily brisk morning walk, using healthy diet, losing excessive body weight, no smoking besides avoiding the three white poisons, white flour, sugar and salt.

Prof. Muhammad Yakoob Ahmedani, spoke on “Role of Hypoglycemic Agents in the Management of Type 2 Diabetes”. He pointed out that in the absence of contraindications Metformin is usually the initial pharmacologic therapy for most people with type 2 diabetes.

Further adjustments of therapy, the choice of further therapy after Metformin should be individualized based upon patient characteristics, preferences, and cost. The risk of hypoglycemia, which may lead to impaired cognition and function, is substantially increased in older adults.   

Prof. Shabeen Naz Masood, discussed “Management of Hyperglycemia in Pregnancy”. Gestational diabetes mellitus she said, is a substantial and growing health concern in many parts of the world. Pakistani population is especially vulnerable to developing this condition because of genetic, social, and environmental factors. Gestational diabetes has serious, long-term consequences for both baby and mother, including a predisposition to obesity, metabolic syndrome and diabetes later in life. Early detection and intervention can greatly improve outcomes for women with this condition and their babies. She advised to check blood sugar frequently to maintain near - normal blood glucose levels. Good control of blood glucose before and during pregnancy reduces the risk of miscarriage, stillbirth, microsomal, congenital malformation and neonatal deaths.

Prof. Abdul Basit, gave highlights of the “National Diabetes Survey of Pakistan 2016-2017” which shows that about 19.2% people are known to be suffering from diabetes while another 7.1% have been newly diagnosed to be suffering from diabetes. Similarly, prevalence of Pre-diabetes as high as 14.4% was observed in Pakistan.  (PR)

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