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PMA condoles death
of Dr. Ruh Pfau

KARACHI: A meeting of Central and Karachi Office Bearers and Senior Members of Pakistan Medical Association (PMA) was held at PMA House, Karachi to condole the sad demise of legendary doctor and a social worker, Dr. Ruth Pfau who peacefully passed away on August 8th at the age of 87. 

Dr. Pfau was by birth a German but devoted her life, 56 years to treat the patients of Leprosy in Pakistan. Her selfless services with dedication and commitment for such a long time resulted to change the lives of thousands leprosy sufferers all over the country. Her long struggle has almost eradicated the deadly disease from country. It is a big loss for the country and the leprosy patients. PMA prayed for the departed soul. It was also decided to have a full reference for her in next week. (PR)


Altered purine metabolism
linked to depression

People suffering from major depressive disorder may have altered purine metabolism, according to a new study from the University of Eastern Finland and Kuopio University Hospital. Purines are nitrogenous compounds that serve as building blocks for DNA and they also play a role in cellular signalling, among other things.

`The study found that in people with depression, purine metabolism is partially hyperactive. “This can be the body’s way of combating the adverse effects of increased oxidative stress present in depression,” says PhD student Toni Ali-Sisto, the first author of the study. The findings were published in Psychoneuroendocrinology.

The study carried out by the University of Eastern Finland and Kuopio University Hospital involved 99 adults diagnosed with major depressive disorder and 253 non-depressed controls. The study participants’ fasting serum concentrations of seven different purine cycle metabolites were analyzed, and these concentrations were compared between the depressed and the healthy. The study also analyzed whether the concentrations changed in people with depression during a follow-up of eight months, and whether remission of depression had an effect on the concentrations.

“Out of the purine metabolites we analyzed, the concentrations of inosine and guanosine were lower, and the concentrations of xanthine were higher in people with depression than in healthy persons,” Ali-Sisto says.

The concentrations of several metabolites changed in people with depression during the follow-up, but no significant differences were observed between remitted and non-remitted groups. The use of anti-depressants or anti-psychotics did not affect the concentrations of purine metabolites.

Uric acid, the end product of purine metabolism, is produced from xanthine and it is an antioxidant combating the adverse effects of oxidative stress. Thus, the increased xanthine production may be the body’s compensatory mechanism seeking to increase the production of uric acid in order to combat increased oxidative stress caused by depression.

Changes in purine metabolism have also been observed in association to low-grade inflammation and increased oxidative stress. Both of these are also associated with depression, but little research into the role of purine metabolism in depression has been conducted so far. (PR)

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