Fatima Memorial Hospital organizes Pre-Conference Workshop on Scientific Writing

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First Int. Dental Conference by UHS
Fatima Memorial Hospital organizes Pre-
Conference Workshop on Scientific Writing

LAHORE: Fatima Memorial Hospital hosted a Pre-Conference workshop on October 2, 2019 on Scientific Writing and Publications during the First International Dental Conference organized by University of Health Sciences. Mr. Shaukat Ali Jawaid Chief Editor Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences and Dr. Amina Ahmad Medical Educationist at Fatima Memorial Hospital were the facilitators. In view of the keen interest and large number of participants, they were split into two session one in the morning and the other in the evening.

The programme started with a pre-workshop test with the objective to highlight the importance of issues related to scientific writing and later the answer key was also shared with the participants. They were asked to assess themselves. The questions related to correct abbreviations of some leading medical journals, important components of an original scientific article, important components of structured abstract, in which section the majority of references should come in the original paper besides definitions of ICMJE, DOAJ and IF which stands for International Committee of Medical Journal Editors, Directory of Open Access Journals and Impact Factor.


Fatima Memorial organized a Pre-Conference Workshop on Scientific Writing during the First Int.
Dental Conference organized by UHS Lahore on October 2, 2019. Photograph taken
during the workshop shows from Prof. Bilal Bin Younus Principal presenting memento
to Mr. Shaukat Ali Jawaid one of the facilitators on left and to Dr. Amina Ahmad on
extreme right. Picture in the Centre shows Mr.Shaukat Ali Jawaid alongwith

Prof. Bilal Bin Younus presenting a certificate to Prof. Yazdani.

Later the participants were asked to name different types of medical writing. The idea was to encourage interactive discussions during the workshop. Some of the participants did mention Original Article, Reviews, Case Reports and Clinical Case Series. However they were informed that Patients Case histories, Letter of the Editor, Editorials, Conference Proceedings, Obituary Notes, Books, and Clinical Quiz etc. are also included in medical writing. Then they were asked to overcome their self-imposed inhibitions to scientific writing and develop a reading habit because to write, it is essential that one reads a lot. Structured abstract should be about two hundred fifty words and the information should be conveyed in four sub-headings i.e. Objective, Methods, Results, Conclusions followed by Key Word. Some journals also use Background and objective if some background information is included in the abstract. As per latest guidelines of ICMJE while writing a Review article, the authors must mention the data bases searched and time period alongwith the number of papers selected for the Review.

In the presentation on how to write a scientific paper, different important components i.e. Structured Abstract, Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion, References were mentioned and it was also discussed what information has to be included in which section. Inclusion, exclusion criteria, Ethics Committee approval, statistical test used, how randomization is done, drugs and their formulation used are to be covered in Methods Section. Results should highlight the findings of the study. While writing discussion, one should first summarize the results of the study, important findings and then compare these results with local, national, regional, international studies and most of the references will come in this section. Three to five or at the most one third references should come in the introduction. If the findings are different from other studies, try to find out the reasons for that. Each and every statement in scientific writing has to be supported with relevant references. Brevity is the beauty of scientific writing and since there is lot of pressure on limited space, authors must adhere to the word count and references allowed by the journal to which they wish to submit their manuscript. Common reasons for sudden death of manuscript or immediate rejection of the papers were also discussed in detail. It was emphasized that authors must carefully read and follow the instructions for authors of the journal before submitting the paper which will minimize trauma to their manuscripts. About twelve to fifteen or at the most twenty five latest, relevant references are considered good enough for an original article but make sure that most of the references are from last five years.


Participants of the Workshop on Scientific Writing organized by Fatima Memorial Hospital
on October 2, 2019 photographed with the facilitators
Mr. Shaukat Ali Jawaid Chief Editor
Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences and Dr. Amina Ahmed Medical Educationist at
FMHS.

Since a number of participants were dental students or dental graduates, the historical background to the development of dental journalism was also shared with them. It was pointed out that we in Pakistan in the field of dentistry stand exactly at the same place where dentists in United States were before 1840. In order to get proper recognition to dentistry as a specialty, the dentists have to start writing, publish good quality dental journals and have a voice. They must struggle to have their independent Pakistan Dental Council which is only possible if they take interest in academics. At present dentistry is a mechanical trade driven profession and has failed to get recognition as a specialty. Despite the fact that we have now numerous dental colleges but they were all producing dental practitioners and not academicians. Many of those who come back from overseas after postgraduate training settle in private practice which is their first choice and do not join the teaching institutions. The quality of the two dental journals published from Pakistan is very disappointing. They need to look into these things and try to have a sincere, dedicated leadership which can plead the case of dentistry with the authorities, health planners as well as regulatory bodies. At present this is missing.

Later Prof. Bilal Bin Younus Principal of Fatima Memorial College of Medicine and Dentistry briefly addressed the participants and thanked the facilitators for conducting this workshop on a very important subject. He then alongwith Prof. Nadia Yazdani presented mementoes to the facilitators.