Research is an important weapon which should be used for benefit of human beings-Nasiruddin Azam Khan

PESHAWAR: Pakistan has made tremendous progress in the field of medical education and health services if we compare with what we had at the time of independence in 1947. We now have a galaxy of talent and our future is promising. Medical professionals must keep themselves update with latest developments in their respective fields and disseminate knowledge as it is an essential component of research and development. This was stated by Prof. Nasiruddin Azam Khan an eminent physician and former Principal of Khyber Medical College. He was speaking at the inaugural session of Fourth National Conference of Pakistan Association of Medical Editors (PAME) hosted by Khyber Medical University. 

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Modern technology can cure the disease but cannot heal the patient-Prof. Rehana Kamal

LAHORE: Medical Ethics figured prominently during the Second International Medical Conference organized by Shalamar Medical & Dental College from February 2-4, 2018. Apart from invited guest speakers Prof. John Lantos and Prof. Vugar Mammadov from Azarbijan, there were special sessions on Medical Ethics. Shalamar Medical & Dental College, it may be mentioned here has already established a Department of Bioethics headed by Dr. Sarosh Saleem.

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POA-Trauma Forum organizes Fourth Basic Trauma Workshop at Larkana

LARKANA: Pakistan Orthopedics Association is probably one of the most active professional organization of the country. Formed in the 80s it has maintained a steady commitment to learning and teaching. It has become a growing family of sub societies concentrating upon developments in various areas of the field like arthroplasty, spine, trauma, arthroscopy, ankle & foot surgery and hand surgery.

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Already published research will not be considered for Research Awards- Prof. Abdul Basit

FAISALABAD: Pakistan Cardiac Society (PCS) and Health Research Advisory Board (Health RAB) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for the 3rd Cardiology Research Award at the 48th Annual Conference of Pakistan Cardiac Society to be held in Multan in November this year. Young cardiologists would be given cash prizes on their research in the field. Salient features of this Cardiology Research Award were highlighted by Prof. Abdul Basit Vice President Health RAB along with Prof. Naeem Aslam President Pakistan Cardiac Society, Prof. Feroze Memon and Prof. Haroon Babar who will be the chief organizer of the forthcoming cardiac conference at a press briefing during the Pakistan Hypertension League annual symposium on February 24, 2018.

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A Colour Atlas of Minimal Invasive Surgery by Prof. Asif Zafar and colleagues

ISLAMABAD: The book under review is an excellent indigenous effort by renowned laparoscopic surgeon Prof. Asif Zafar Malik and his colleagues who have documented different techniques of most commonly performed procedures in minimally invasive surgery. Apart from being a very useful and informative book of practical value for practicing laparoscopic surgeons, it can also be used as a training manual for the young surgeons and postgraduates in this specialty.

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Possible new principle for cancer therapy

A study published in Science Translational Medicine shows that small molecules that specifically inhibit an important selenium-containing enzyme may be useful in combating cancer. When researchers at Karolinska Institute in Sweden treated cancer in mice using these molecules, they observed rapid tumoricidal effects. Researchers now hope that this new principle for cancer treatment will eventually be developed for use in humans.

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Aspirin remains the wonder drug in the 21st century which reduces cardiovascular diseases, stroke, morbidity and mortality and colorectal cancer with long term use-Prof. Ejaz Ahmad Vohra

FAISALABAD: Pakistan Aspirin Foundation organized a Breakfast Session on Medical Uses of Aspirin on February 24th 2018 during the 21st Annual Symposium of Pakistan Hypertension League held here from February 23-25, 2018. The speakers included Dr. Junaid Zafar Associate Professor of Cardiology Fatima Jinnah Medical University Lahore, Consultant Cardiologist at Hameed Lateef Hospital Lahore and Prof. Ejaz Ahmad Vohra an eminent physician, Director Postgraduate Studies (Clinical) and Chairman Department of Medicine at Ziauddin University Karachi who is also a former President of Pakistan Aspirin Foundation. 

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Multiple pathological changes affect lower extremity of patients directly leading to amputation and death-Dr. Shazli Naseer

LAHORE: Dr. Shazli Naseer from USA was one of the invited guest speakers in State of the Art Session-II during the recently held Second International Medical Conference of Shalamar Medical & Dental College Lahore held from February2-4, 2018. The topic of her presentation was advances in treatment of diabetic foot ulcer- Save a Limb to Save Life. Speaking about the prevalence of diabetic foot ulcers, she pointed out that almost 65% of diabetic patients in China suffer from foot ulcers.

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Speakers highlight various issues related to Child Abuse in Pakistan which remains under-reported

LAHORE: Academic Department of Psychiatry & Behavioural Sciences & Department of Child & Family Psychiatry, King Edward Medical University recently organized a seminar on “Child First & Always: No excuse for Child Abuse”. Dr Nazish Imran, Head & Associate Professor in Child & Family Psychiatry Department in her welcome address stated that Child abuse is an unfortunate reality for many children in our community. The objective of the seminar is to increase the awareness about Child Abuse.

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Over 1.5 million people screened for High Blood Pressure in hundred countries

LONDON: Over 70 of the world’s influential voices in the world of hypertension and cardiology, representing 50 of the countries involved in May Measurement Month (MMM) 2017 gathered in London on the 19th January 2018 to share their experiences in preparation for MMM18 next May. During the month of May 2017, MMM sites were set up around the world offering free blood pressure (BP) screenings. Over 1.5 million people were screened across over 100 countries, with site locations varying from major cities to rural communities in developing countries.

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Promising therapeutic approach for spinal cord injuries

The healing ability of the central nervous system is very limited and injuries to the brain or spinal cord often result in permanent functional deficits. Researchers at Karolinska Institute in Sweden report in the scientific journal Cell that they have found an important mechanism that explains why this happens. Using this new knowledge, they were able to improve functional recovery following spinal cord injury in mice.

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Hazards of cooking in excessive reheated oils

The use of reheated oil again and again to fry dishes like Pakoras, Samosas, Jalebis, Kachoris, Potato chips etc. which are very commonly used in Pakistan is a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases (heart attacks), strokes, neuro-degenerative disorders like Parkinson disease, Alzheimer disease, Huntington’s disease, fatty live hepatitis-cirrhosis, hepatic carcinoma, breast carcinoma in females and prostate carcinomas in males. These diseases are on the increase in Pakistan particularly cardio-vascular disease and strokes. During heating again and again, harmful Trans-fatty acids are generated. 

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Atlas of brain blood vessels provides fresh clues to brain diseases

Even though diseases of the brain vasculature are some of the most common causes of death in the West, knowledge of these blood vessels is limited. Now researchers from Uppsala University and Karolinska Institute in Sweden present in the journal Nature a detailed molecular atlas of the cells that form the brain’s blood vessels and the life-essential blood-brain barrier.

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Restless legs syndrome: New genetic risk variants found

Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is characterized by restless, painful legs that do not settle down at night. The causes are largely unknown. An international team led by the Technical University of Munich (TUM) and the Helmholtz Center has now carried out the world’s largest genome-wide association study on the genetic causes of the disorder. They discovered 13 new genetic risk variants and identified underlying candidate biological processes.

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Factor that doubles the risk of death from breast cancer identified

Researchers at Karolinska Institute in Sweden have discovered that the risk of death from breast cancer is twice as high for patients with high heterogeneity of the oestrogen receptor within the same tumour as compared to patients with low heterogeneity. The study, which is published in The Journal of the National Cancer Institute, also shows that the higher risk of death over a span of 25 years is independent of other known tumour markers and also holds true for Luminal A breast cancer, a subtype with a generally good prognosis.

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Experimental Physiology needs a thorough revisit

ISLAMABAD: A panel discussion hosted and arranged by Physiology Department of Yusra Medical and Dental College (YMDC) Islamabad organized a panel discussion on 15th February 2018. The meeting was attended by 15 Medical Colleges of Islamabad and Rawalpindi region. A number of eminent physiologists speaking on this occasion felt that experimental physiology needs a thorough revisit.

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