Teachers should consider medical students as colleagues and not children - Prof. Mowadat H. Rana

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FJMC Medical Education Workshop proceedings

Teachers should consider medical students as
colleagues and not children-Prof. Mowadat H. Rana

Give students autonomy, motivate and involve them
in learning process - Dr. Amina Ahmad

Provide positive feedback, correct errors and teach
them general rules - Prof. Rita Sood

LAHORE: A number of pre-conference workshops were organized during the just concluded 6th international conference on medical education held at Fatima Jinnah Medical College for Women Lahore. Speaking in the workshop on “From Pain to Pleasure: How to improve learning amongst medical students, Prof. Mowadat H. Rana said that students should be considered as colleagues and not children. They get confused when they see what is being practiced by the teachers which are most often quite different than what is taught to them. Our public healthcare facilities have acute shortage of nurses and paramedics. These medical students can be used in the healthcare team. They can be asked to work in assisting the nurses in making beds, urine and blood collection. They can work for two hours early in the morning in the hospitals before going to their classes in the first two years. It will change their attitude and outlook seeing patients. Do teach them basic sciences but shift them to the hospitals, wards in the first two hours.
Give them a choice Pedagogy or Andragogy. Prof. Mowadat Rana was of the view that we have infanticide the whole nation. Locus of control should be with oneself. Success or failure is in your inside. He also referred to the internal ability and effort besides talking about external task difficulty, luck, chance, divine influence and super natural forces. Medical education genes, he opined, is for average to make them brilliant stars. It is not for brilliant people. Certain noise level in the class is good. It is also important to have proper light and optimum temperature in the class room. Size and shape of the class room, time and circadian rhythm also matters. There are different learning styles and kinesthetic style is the commonest one. Other learning styles include hepatic, visual, auditory, interactive, print, global vs analytical. He then talked about the right vs left hemispheric environment and said that we should give emphasis on interactive learning. Those who use right brain can do many things at the same time. Men usually have left brain orientation. Some of the medical students may be suffering from Adult Attention Deficit Disorders (ADD) and they cannot concentrate. These students should be identified and it is a treatable condition.
Talking about the process of enhanced learning, Prof. Mowadat Rana said that human brain is just like a garden. One should plough the field and motivate them. Know about self efficacy, Andragogy and motivate the students. Then sow the seed, build on existing knowledge, teach them how to learn and see what is being taught. Then add fertilizer, look at settings, know the feelings, affect, get expressive and feed back through reflections. Then reap the critical, creative, problem solving, effective clinical performance.

Developing Self Regulated Learning Plan

Dr. Amina Ahmad along with Prof. Mohammad Tayyab were the facilitators for this workshop. Dr.Amina Ahmad laid emphasis on belief in self ability. She further stated that give students autonomy and motivate them. We all love freedom, choice and autonomy. Give students freedom of expression. We can give students autonomy by making them in charge of their intrinsic learning. It will motivate them and involve them in the learning process.

Learning and Teaching in Clinical Environment

Prof. Rita Sood from All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India was the facilitator in this workshop. She discussed in detail the concepts of questioning, listening, responding and explaining. After a recent teaching session with students, ask them open and close ended questions regarding observation and clinical problem solving. Teaching session should be brief, easy to learn. Some of the students are slow to improve while teaching behaviour was also important. Diagnose the patient, ask questions and then listen to the students and clarify. Diagnose the learner, ask for contentment and probe for underlying reasons by asking probing questions. Provide positive feedback, correct errors and teach the general rules. Ask what are the main problems which the patient had today and then probe for supporting evidence, she remarked.
Prof. Indika Karunathilake from Sir Lanka conducted the workshop on Implementing Simulation Based Medical Education in Low Resource Settings; Prof. Mahfuzar Rehman from Bangladesh facilitated the workshop on Setting Educational Objectives while Prof. Jagdish Prasad Agrawal from Nepal was the facilitator in workshop on Communication Skills- Breaking Bad News. Mr. Shaukat Ali Jawaid and Dr. Masood Jawaid were the facilitators in the Workshop on Medical Writing.