Less than 50% population have access to essential health services

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 World Health Statistics 2018

Less than 50% population have
access to essential health services

13 million people most in low income countries die every
year from cardiovascular disease, chronic respiratory
disease, diabetes and cancer

GENEVA: This year’s World Health Statistics: Monitoring Health for the SDGs has now been published by the World Health Organization. This publication provides an annual snapshot of the state of the world’s health. The 2018 edition highlights that, while remarkable progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals has been made in some areas, progress has stalled in others and the gains that have been made could easily be lost.

The latest data show that:

  • Less than half the people in the world today get all of the essential health services they need.
  • In 2010, almost 100 million people were pushed into extreme poverty because they had to pay for health services out of their own pockets.
  • 13 million people die every year before the age of 70 from cardiovascular disease, chronic respiratory disease, diabetes and cancer – most in low and middle-income countries.
  • Every day in 2016, 15 000 children died before reaching their fifth birthday.

Some of the targets fixed for 2030 are as under:

  • reduce the global maternal mortality ratio to less than 70 per 100 000 live births
  • end preventable deaths of newborns and children under 5 years of age, with all countries aiming to reduce neonatal mortality to at least as low as 12 per 1000 live births and under-5 mortality to at least as low as 25 per 1000 live births, reduce by one third premature mortality from non-communicable diseases through prevention and treatment and promote mental health and well-being
  • Strengthen prevention and treatment of substance abuse, including narcotic drug abuse and harmful use of alcohol
  • halve the number of global deaths and injuries from road traffic accidents
  • ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health-care services, including for family planning, information and education, and the integration of reproductive health into national strategies and programmes
  • Achieve universal health coverage, including financial risk protection, access to quality essential health-care services and access to safe, effective, quality and affordable essential medicines and vaccines for all, substantially reduce the number of deaths and illnesses from hazardous chemicals and air, water and soil pollution and contamination
  • Strengthen the implementation of the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC) in all countries, as appropriate
  • Support the research and development of vaccines and medicines for the communicable and non-communicable diseases that primarily affect developing countries, provide access to affordable medicines and vaccines, in accordance with the Doha Declaration on the TRIPS Agreement and Public Health, which affirms the right of developing countries to use to the full the provisions in the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights regarding flexibilities to protect public health, and, in particular, provide access to medicines for all
  • Substantially increase health financing and the recruitment, development, training and retention of the health workforce in developing countries, especially in least-developed countries and small-island developing States
  • Strengthen the capacity of all countries, in particular developing countries, for early warning, risk reduction and management of national and global health risks 
  • end all forms of malnutrition, including achieving, by 2025, the internationally agreed targets on stunting and wasting in children under 5 years of age, and address the nutritional needs of adolescent girls, pregnant and lactating women and older persons
  • achieve universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking-water for all
  • achieve access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all and end open defecation, paying special attention to the needs of women and girls and those in vulnerable situations
  • ensure universal access to affordable, reliable and modern energy services, reduce the adverse per capita environmental impact of cities
  • Strengthen resilience and adaptive capacity to climate-related hazards and natural disasters in all countries.

Significantly reduce all forms of violence and related death rates everywhere build on existing initiatives to develop measurements of progress on sustainable development that complement gross domestic product, and support statistical capacity-building in developing countries(PR)

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