Interesting presentations made by medical students at Hamdard University Annual Research Day


 Interesting presentations made by 
medical students at Hamdard 
University Annual Research Day

A combination of Eastern and Western Medicine can
better serve
the healthcare problems
of Pakistan - Hakim Abdul Hannan

First batch of medical student to go through
semester system
 evaluation from
this year - Prof. Seema Mumtaz

KARACHI: Keeping up its past traditions, Hamdard University organized its Annual Research Day at the university campus on January 2nd 2012. Eleven groups of medical students from the Fourth Year Class made interesting presentations on different topics which were evaluated by a four member panel of judges which included medical editors and faculty members representing community health sciences. Study on Tourniquets- a potential source of infection was declared as the best and won the First prize while second and third prize were given to the studies on Quality of life in Thyroid Disorders and Psychological impact of 2010 Flood on Children and Adolescents in Swat respectively. IMNCI programme at private medical colleges of Karachi was also given a special prize based on the evaluation of the judges. The panel of judges consisted of Dr.Fatema Jawad Chief Editor JPMA, Mr.Shaukat Ali Jawaid Managing Editor Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences and Secretary General of EMAME, Dr.Aneela Attaur Rehman from LUMHS Jamshoro Hyderabad and Dr.Zulfiqar Sheikh from DIMC, DUHS Karachi.

Members of Panel of Judges at the Hamdard University Annual Research Day
from (L to R) are Dr.Aneela Attaur Rehman, Mr. Shaukat Ali Jawaid,
Dr. Fatema Jawad and Dr.Zulfiqar Sheikh.

Prof. Zakiuddin G. Oonwala Dean Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences in his speech on this occasion commended the efforts being made by the Dept. of Community Health Sciences in general and its faculty members especially Prof. Seema Mumtaz in particular for promoting research culture and encouraging the students to take up research projects. He also referred to a Guidelines book prepared by the University for helping the students who undertake these research projects. The faculty members help and guide the students in selection of their topic for research, how to conduct research, analyze it and then come up with some conclusions. These students are then asked to present their work at the annual research day which provides the students an opportunity to learn the art of making presentations. In the past our Hamdard University Medical Students, he said, have represented Pakistan and their university at many international meetings as well.

Some of the prize winners at the Hamdard University Annual Research Day photographed
along with members of the panel of Judges as well as VC Hamdard University
Hakeem Abdul Hannan, Dr. S.M. Mubeen, Dr. Murad and others.

Prof. Seema Mumtaz Principal Hamdard College of Medicine and Dentistry and Head of the Dept.of Community Health Sciences in her welcome address said that university was running a primary healthcare center in Khuda Ki Basti besides organizing awareness campaign, health education seminars for general population of Gaddap area in collaboration with various NGOs and pharmaceutical companies. In CHS, we try to maintain academic standards and we are now going to start semester system for evaluation of the students from this year. The idea of giving these research projects to the students and then asking them to make these presentations was to enable them to get an insight into research. Our medical students, she further stated, have participated in Research Day programmes organized by Aga Khan University, Baharia University and Shaukat Khanum Cancer Hospital while they are regularly participating in the Research Day meetings organized by Muhammad Medical College Mirpur Khas in Sindh. They have represented the Hamdard University and most often earned prizes, shields for their research work. Hamdard University has started its own journal Annals of Hamdard Medical College and hopefully it will soon be recognized by Pakistan Medical and Dental Council, she added.
Hakeem Abdul Hannan Vice Chancellor of Hamdard University in his speech on this occasion also commended the academic activities by the Community Health Sciences department. He pointed out that founder of the University Hakeem Mohammad Saeed always used to say and believed that university should also create knowledge which is only possible through research work. To promote research culture and present it at such meetings provides a unique opportunity to the students for their training. Hakeem Saeed always wished that we should combine Eastern System of Medicine with Western system of Medicine which suits best to solve the healthcare problems of Pakistan. Referring to one of the presentations on blood donation, he said that in Eastern Medicine it has been known for years that blood donation also helps in overcoming certain diseases. Hence it needs to be scientifically evaluated to find out whether what is claimed was true, he remarked. Later he presented shields to the group leaders of the best four presentations. Earlier the group leaders made brief presentations of their research work within eight to ten minutes highlighting the salient features of their studies.

On left Hakeem Abdul Hannan Vice Chancellor of Hamdard University
presenting a shield to Prof. Zakiuddin Onwala at the annual Research Day
Function while on right Prof.Oonwala is presenting a shield to Prof. Seema
Mumtaz Principal HCMD and Head of the Dept. of CHS at HCMD.

Commenting on the presentations, Dr.Aneela Attaur Rehman from Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences pointed towards certain deficiencies from the epidemiological and statistical point of view. She was of the view that medical students and physicians do not need to become statisticians but they must have the basic minimum knowledge of interpreting their results. On the whole the presentations were good for which she congratulated the presenters.
Mr. Shaukat Ali Jawaid in his evaluation gave detailed comments on eight out of eleven presentations which he had reviewed. The topics selected, he said, were quite interesting and important. Inclusion and exclusion criteria besides ethical considerations were taken care of in all the studies which were very heartening. However, in most of the studies there was duplication of information given in tables and figures and discussion which is most important part of any study needed lot of improvement. While writing discussion one has to first summarize the study findings and then compare it with national, regional and international studies after proper literature search and try to find out reasons if their study results are different from the earlier reported findings. He said that in the awareness and practice of blood donation study, results and conclusions were mixed up though this study contains lot of useful data and information. Discussion needs to be improved and another positive point in this study was reference to studies published in local journals which must be commended.
In the respiratory symptoms among cement factory workers study, background was quite lengthy, reproduction of graphs was very poor and most of the references were written incorrectly and were also incomplete. IMNCI study had a very small sample size, discussion was brief and inadequate and it also had problems with references. In the Vitamin A study the references in the text were not marked in order and it started with Ref.No. 8, information in some of the graphs could be given just in one sentence. It also had problems with references; otherwise it was a good study. Tourniquets- a potential source of infection which was declared as the best study had excellent presentation, references were also written correctly but all references were not marked in the text and discussion also needed to be improved. Quality of life in Thyroid disorders which got second best prize was yet another good study with structured abstract and excellent presentation. But it had too many tables, illustrations, references were not marked in order but they were written correctly. Psychological impact of 2010 Floods on Children and Adolescents in Swat which was declared the third best research study also had excellent presentation. Some repetition could have been avoided, discussion was well written and appropriate but a few references were incomplete. On the whole it was an excellent effort on the part of the students for which the whole group members and their supervisors need to be commended.
Mr. Shaukat Ali Jawaid was of the view that all research must end up in publications. He also suggested that the institution must ensure publication of these studies which will require some extra efforts on the part of the supervisors and faculty members. Without publication the whole effort, time ad money spent will go in waste. Most of the studies include lot of useful data which needs to be published. If the university authorities organize some workshops, seminars for the students on how to conduct research and on medical writing before they are given these research projects in the third year, it will help them a lot in conducting, documenting and presenting their research work. They should also be taught how to prepare slides, make sure that there are no more than five to six lines in one slide, use appropriate type face which is easily readable, do not use too much colours which could distract the attention of the audience. The objective of any research study and its presentation is to convey the message effectively; hence this must be kept in mind. Tables and illustrations should be such that they convey the message in stand alone position, always give reference of local studies. While reviewing some of these research projects I myself learnt quite a few things for which I am grateful to Prof. Seema Mumtaz for providing me this opportunity, he added.
Dr. Fatema Jawad referred to plagiarism in two three research manuscripts and highlighted the importance of publication ethics. She was of the view that for experienced editors and availability of software makes it much easy to detect plagiarism. Hence they should be mindful of the consequences of such unethical behavior. It also showed that those studies were much better where the supervisors gave more time and guided the students. She also suggested holding of two workshops for medical students as well as the faculty members to educate them so as to avoid some of these mistakes and overcome the deficiencies which had been pointed out by various members of the panel of judges. Pakistan Association of Medical Editors (PAME) Dr. Fatema Jawad said will be too glad to help the university in organizing and conducting these workshops.
Dr. Zulfiqar Sheikh in his speech said that presentations were much better than what he was expecting from the students for which the entire group membership as well as their supervisors needs to be commended. They worked hard and did some original research work. He also presented a copy of his book on community medicine to the group which earned the First Prize in the competition. All the group leaders were also presented a booklet on Medical Writing: Some Basic Definitions by Mr. Shuakt Ali Jawaid.
Those who made presentations at the meeting included Madiha Waseem, Anas Warsi, Maria Ashraf, Zainab Hussain, Sher Alam Shah, Saira Sharafat, Ali Zain, Zohaib Hassan, Sanam Mehmood, Adnan and Attiya Sarwa.