Leadership is a set of traits which is needed in all professionals-Dr. Gohar Wajid


 Proceedings of Medical Education Conference by FHMCMD & NUR Int. University

Leadership is a set of traits which is needed
in all professionals - Dr. Gohar Wajid

Combination of different leadership styles
will work better in medical education

Listening with empathy has to be
taught to the medical students

LAHORE: There were numerous pre-conference workshops organized during the First International Medical Education Conference 2018 hosted by FHM College of Medicine and Dentistry and NUR International University held from November 30th to December 2nd 2018.The Workshop on Leadership Skills was facilitated by Dr. Gohar Wajid from WHO EMRO Egypt and the other facilitators in this workshop was Dr. Saifullah Sial. Some of the qualities of effective leadership which were discussed during the interactive discussion included Confidence, Vision, Communicator, Decision maker which were mentioned by majority of the participants. Other qualities of good leadership pointed out by the participants were optimist, easy to follow, team worker, demonstrates understanding, proficient, intellectual skills, cooperative, compassionate, disciplined, approachable, emotional intelligence, have empathy, honest and ethical.

Dr. Gohar Wajid

Some of the beggars, Dr. Gohar Wajid remarked are very good communicators. It is a fact not a joke, he added. He then emphasized the importance of listening skills. One has to teach higher level of thinking to the students. Objects of leaders are different today than it was in 70s and 80s. Stretch the mind of the students which is done during the lectures. Listening with empathy has to be taught. He then referred to the situational leadership, Transactional leadership, Transformational leadership besides value based leadership.

Dr. Saifullah Sial then discussed different leadership styles. Autocratic leadership style has little input from others while Democratic style takes input from others. In autocratic leadership one has absolute control, it is easy to make quick decisions, and one can maintain order and discipline. Bureaucratic leadership follows set procedures known as Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs). There are no chances of exploring new ideas, ways. It is slow paced. It ensures adherence to the ladders stated by the institution. It is an efficient management style in companies which does not require much creativity. For example in Pakistan Army there is a chain of command which has to be respected. There cannot be any creative ideas and these seldom reaches to the top.

Prof. Majeed Chaudhry and Prof. Rakhshanda Rehman presenting Mementoes to some
of the speakers at the First International Conference on Medical Education organized
by FMHCMD and NUR International University recently.

Charismatic leadership has charisma. It attracts followers through charm. These leaders are skilled communicators, have deep emotional level. In this most often there is over reliance on the leaders. It does have some negative attributes like disarticulation of goals and lack of clarity. In Democratic leadership, there is a team decision. After thorough discussion the leader takes the final decision. It is a sign of strength and employees, members like it. It fits in almost every situation. It offers solution to complex problems. It offers creative environment with the result that it is possible to build strong team. He then referred to Laissez or Faire leadership which has no authority. Transactional leadership, Dr. Sial said motivates the subordinates, offers reversal, pays attention to devotion to subordinates. It offers rewards and punishment. At times different situations require different types of leadership.

Mrs. Shahima Rehman alongwith Prof. Rakhshanda Rehman and Prof. Abrar Ashraf Ali
presenting a Memento to Dr. Brekhna Jamil during the First International conference on
Medical Education organized by FMHCMD and NUR International University recently.

In management control, there can be an autocratic style, paternalistic style, participatory style, delegation style. One of the studies, Dr. Gohar Wajid said showed that physician run hospitals had 25% higher quality score than hospitals run by professional manages. When the leadership quality in healthcare professionals are weak, then bureaucrats come in. Leadership training for the healthcare professionals is not included in the PM&DC proposed curriculum. Transformational leadership is the best followed by transactional leadership. LAISSEZ style had the lowest score.

FMHCMD in collaboration with NUR International University organized the First International
conference on Medical Education from November 30th to December 2, 2018. Group
photograph taken during the conference shows Dr. Amina Ahmad Director Medical
Education alongwith other
members of the organizing committee.

Modifiable leadership is the one which modifies oneself according to the situation. Leadership, it was further stated, is an observable, learnable set of practices. Given the opportunity for feedback and practice those with desire and persistence to lead can learn substantially. Leadership involves establishing clear Vision, sharing this with others who are willing to follow. It is important that one provides information, knowledge and methods to realize that vision. Coordinate and balance conflict of interest of all members, stakeholders. At the end of the workshop, the facilitators also talked about professional competencies and leadership competencies.

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