Interesting presentations made by students at Hamdard University’s annual research seminar

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Interesting presentations made by students
at Hamdard University’s annual research seminar

Prof. Mohammad Javed asks for establishing
Research Center at the University

Administration urged to provide facilities, incentives
to the faculty to conduct, publish research

From our correspondent

KARACHI: Various students group from 4th Year made interesting presentations at the Annual Research Seminar organized by the Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Hamdard College of Medicine and Dentistry on November 20th2013. Madam Sadia Raashid was the chief guest on this occasion while Prof. Hakim Abdul Hannan Vice Chancellor of the University and faculty members were also present on the occasion. The panel of judges who were invited to evaluate the presentations included Dr.Fatema Jawad Editor-in-Chief of Journal of Pakistan Medical Association (JPMA), Prof. Nighat Nisar, Prof.of Community Medicine at DIMC, Brig. Khalid Hassan from United Medical College and Mr. Shaukat Ali Jawaid Chief Editor of Professional Medical Publications, publishers of Pulse International and Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences.
Keeping up the past traditions, some of the students group under the guidance of their supervisors had selected some very interesting, innovative topics for their study. Students Research Seminar is an annual feature at Hamdard University for the last many years and its main objective is to promote research culture among the students and faculty members at the university.

Students group who earned first, second and third position during the Students Annual Research
Seminar organized by Hamdard College of Medicine and Dentistry photographed with
Vice Chancellor of Hamdard University and other faculty members of HCM&D.

In his welcome address Prof. Mohammad Javed Dean, FH&MS referred to the glorious past of Muslim history when Muslim physicians made remarkable contributions to medicine, hospitals and databases. He also pointed out that this year as many as eighty three papers have been published by various faculty members from Hamdard University. We have started Annals of Hamdard University and published two issues while the third issue is under preparation. He requested the university authorities to establish a proper Research Department at the University which will go a long way in promoting research culture and providing assistance in manuscript writing.
Mr. Abdul Rauf was the first presenter who gave details of their study on factors associated with drug addiction in drug addicts. Heroin, Cannabis and opium were the commonly used drugs and substances and most of the addicts were between20-40 years of age. Ms Mehrin Ghias spoke on pattern of pediatric oncology. Their group study included one hundred fifty patients. Late diagnosis, she stated, leads to poor prognosis. Most common paediatric cancer in their study was ALL and it was most common in ten years age group. Almost 54% of the patients were male and rest were female. She emphasized the need to create awareness about childhood cancer so that these patients are diagnosed early. She also laid emphasis on proper record keeping at hospitals and suggested promoting the discipline of paediatric oncology.
Ms Aazan Mujahid and their group studied the disability of Arm, shoulder and hand in meat sellers in Karachi. They collected information through a self reported questionnaire from two hundred fifty seen meat sellers. Almost 47% of them were in this business for over ten years. 83% reported no disability. Backache was the most common symptom reported by the respondents, 78% had injury from knife and 74% had no vaccination against Hepatitis-B. Ms Afia Hashmi discussed depression among cancer patients. Their study included 53% male, 62% were living in nuclear family, and 70% were facing problems in meeting cost of treatment. 52% were on radiotherapy, 30% on chemotherapy while the remaining was on combined treatment. About 65% of the patients in the study were suffering from mild to moderate depression. Fatigue and sleep problems were most common. Most patients were suffering from breast cancer followed by oral cancer in their study. Faheem Ahmad and their group studied hypertension in persons above forty years of age in Swat area of Khyber PK. Ethical issues were taken care of and they emphasized the rational use of antihypertensive drugs to manage hypertension.
Ms Sumaira Afzal discussed evaluation of the risk factors of Hepatitis C in Peshawar. This was a case control study. Sixty percent of the patients in the study were injection drug users, sexual contact was responsible in 15% while blood transfusion in 10% of cases. There were 150 patients in the study and two hundred controls, 132 were male and 218 were female. An interesting study was bysinosis among male textile mill workers which was conducted by Ms Yusra and their group. Important signs and symptoms in the study population included cough and chest tightness. Almost 97% develop asthma after working in textile mills. In the study subjects, only 13% were using masks. The group emphasized upon preventive measures, creating awareness among the workers about the occupational diseases. We all love textile but we should also take care of those who work in textile industry, she remarked. Yet another interesting study was on Stethoscopes: a source of nosocomial infection which was presented by Aisha Aman. The study was conducted both in public and private sector hospitals and majority of the doctors did not properly clean their stethoscopes which is a potential source of nosocomial infections.
Ms Shazia Khan and their group studied Post Traumatic Stress Disorders (PTSD) among direct victims of terrorist attacks in Swat in Khyber PK. The province, she said, has witnessed 186 suicide attacks last year which resulted in death of 3578 civilians and 1251 personnel of security agencies. Their study showed that PTSD was seen more common in females. Almost 62% were emotionally upset when they were reminded of the trauma while 58% were irritable. Overall more than 50% subjects in the study were suffering from PTSD, she added.
Ms Aisha Naveed highlighted awareness and practices regarding antenatal care among females of Tharparker District in Sindh Province. Almost 64% of the subjects in the study were Muslims and husband of 95% of the women were illiterate which has a direct bearing on providing antenatal care. Ms Humaira Zaki talked about prevalence of abdominal obesity among doctors. Their study found that it was seen more in female doctors. Those who were pregnant were excluded from the study. Mr. Zakiullah was the last presenter who talked about Health related quality of life among patients with End Stage Renal Disease. Study by their group highlighted that 68% of the patients became jobless when their disease was diagnosed, 55% think they are a burden on their families. Most of the patients in this study were poor, unemployed and their quality of life was also very poor.
Presenters of meat sellers study were judged as the best and won the first prize followed by prevalence of hypertension which got second prize and stethoscope study got third prize. A special prize was also announced for the study regarding antenatal care among females of Tharparker District in Sindh province. Later the best presenters with their groups were presented mementoes by Madam Sadia Rashid and VC Hamdard University Hakim Abdul Hanan.
Speaking at the occasion Dr. Fatima Jawad Chief Editor JPMA commended the presenters but also highlighted the problems of cut and paste in some. She reminded them that plagiarism was serious publication misconduct. Quality of the English language and Grammar in the work books also needed lot of improvement. She opined perhaps the groups got very little contact time and advised that the whole group should go through the final manuscript which will improve its quality. Brig. Khalid Hassan appreciated the efforts of the students and said that the department was named as Community Health Sciences and Occupational Medicine by late Hakim Mohammad Saeed and the University but it needs to be investigated how the word occupational medicine got deleted. Prof. Nighat Nisar advised the students to always acknowledge their supervisors. Mr. Shaukat Ali Jawaid said that any research study must include a publication strategy. If it is not published, it has never happened. Some of the studies can certainly be written up properly and then got published but it requires lot of input and work by the faculty members and the respective supervisors because conducting research is one thing but writing it up and getting it published is a different ball game altogether. It would have been better if we were told how many of the studies presented last year were actually published because some of them were quite good and worth publication. He commended the students efforts who conducted these studies and make presentations. He also suggested to the university authorities to provide facilities and incentives to the faculty members to conduct and publish research work because universities are meant to produce knowledge which is done through research work. Members of the Judges panel were also presented mementoes by the university administration. Later Prof. M. Furqan Principal Hamdard College of Medicine and Dentistry thanked the judges for gracing the occasion with their presence and sparing their precious time which will encourage the students and the faculty. Some of the deficiencies which have been pointed out by the judges, he accepted, were also the mistakes on the part of the faculty and supervisors and we will try to rectify those in future.

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